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Slingsby T-45 Swallow ~ 1/3-scale Kit by Peter Goldsmith (Build thread by JimD)

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  • #31
    We got the nose sheeting narrowed down to one last sliver.

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    Once the glue was dry we gave the sheeting a smooth sanding.

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    The last of the cap strips were attached to the top of the wing panel and allowed to dry overnight.

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    This morning, the weight bars were removed and the top sheeting was trimmed even with the leading edge and everything was given a smooth sanding.

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    One thing we noticed is that the wing bolt hole (just behind the wing rod tube) in wing rib W1 is not pre-drilled into the wing root doubler, the fuselage wing root rib, or the fuselage sides. We used the W1 rib from the unbuilt wing panel along with the wing spar tube and the anti-rotation pin to align things and then drilled holes for the wing bolts into each side.

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    • #32
      Beautiful build Jim. What is the span and where are the kits sold?
      Jim G

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      • JimD
        JimD commented
        Editing a comment
        Span is 4.5 meters

        Basically, following his retirement, Peter designed the Swallow for his wife Caroline. He has his own laser cutting equipment and was persuaded to cut out several "kits" for friends while he was at it. Same thing happened with his Smellyak tow plane.

        If you are interested, maybe Len can put in a good word for you and twist Peter's arm to cut out another kit. Peter told us that his plan for retirement was to be able to design and build planes that he personally always wanted...not to create a business that would consume all of his time.

    • #33
      Jim G.
      Contact me if you are interested in a Swallow kit. I'm having 5 more produced for the spring and 3 are taken.
      I'm the point of contact for Peter G's scale ships

      860-395-8406

      len
      Len Buffinton
      Team Horizon Hobby

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      • #34
        Time to flip the wing over and complete the bottom sheeting and cap strips. Also, the aileron servo hatch gets added.

        First, the leading edge balsa gets sanded to the rib contour.

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        We used the hot iron technique to attach the bottom inner and outer panel plywood sheeting...really works well, I like it!!!

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        The aileron servo hatch support needs to be trimmed to fit the opening in the rib bay and it needs to be externally level with the cap strips and leading and trailing edge plywood sheeting.

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        • #35
          Peter recommends the Spektrum A7050 thin-wing servo for the ailerons and elevators of the Swallow. These get mounted to the doors of the recessed mounting plates. 3/16" thick basswood worked well for the aileron mount. These servos have a plug-in lead so you will need to leave a gap for that. Also, leave enough space for the door to fit back into its recess. The bottom picture is the view from inside the wing so you can see the amount of space between the basswood servo mounts and the surround of the recess. Make sure that the slot for the output arm is oriented correctly for the aileron horn because the horn mounting slot is built into the aileron and would not be easily relocated (see picture above).

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          • #36
            So....even after I cautioned about this, no one said a word! You just let me put the servo in the wrong way! Output arm was on the wrong side!

            Luckily, just needed to make a mirror image for the other side and that solved the problem.

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            • #37
              Been there, done that Jim!

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              • #38
                With a little light sanding, the servo mount is level with the plywood skins and rib caps.

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                Time now to start on the right wing and finish up this build. Thought I would point out a few of my techniques. First, the scribe line on my workbench to align the spar.

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                There is a perpendicular line to align the root rib and a piece of aluminum right angle is attached to the bench to hold the root rib.

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                The wing spars are joined .

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                All of the wing parts are gathered to start the build process.

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                All that remains in the kit box are the wing skins, wing tube and rod, and canopy. This kit contains everything, all of the wood necessary to build the model. This is not a short kit!

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                • #39
                  Okay...the plan was to frame up the Swallow while I was waiting for my wing sheeting for the 2-33 to arrive. I promised Gunny that I would get back to the 2-33 by Christmas, so here we go racing to the finish line.

                  Getting the parts staged and ready to glue.

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                  Time to start gluing starting at the root and moving toward the tip the laser cut shear ribs provide the correct spacing as we go along.

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                  T-pins are used at intervals along the spar to keeps things in line.

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                  We used some of the shear webs to check the spacing of the ribs at the trailing edge.

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                  Rib position is marked and then ready to glue.

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                  • #40
                    The ribs are undercambered, so shims are used to keep the bottom skin in contact with the bottom of each rib.
                    The trailing edge of each rib is held to the work surface with a stick pin.

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                    Weights are applied to keep everything flat on the board.


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                    The sub-leading edge square spruce needs to be made up out of three pieces. 1-1/4" scarf joints were used to join these pieces,

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                    The outer partial ribs sit on a 3/32" shim to keep them properly aligned. the balsa trailing edge piece is glued to the angled back side of the ribs and a builder's triangle was used to check the rib position.


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                    These triangles are not in the design, but adding them made me happy. Figure the wings can use the extra 0.01 oz. of weight!


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                    Now we go on to add the square spruce sub-leading edge piece. Again the builder's triangle was used to check alignment of each rib.

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                    Everything looks straight, so weights were applied while the glue sets.

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                    • #41
                      I'm anxious to move on to the next step, but the the inspectors are on break!
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                      • Tango Juliet
                        Tango Juliet commented
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                        <3 Awe! Sounds good to me!

                    • #42
                      Okay, break is over!

                      Now we can install the wing rod tube. First it needs to be cut to length and the outside scuffed with sandpaper to insure a good bond with the glue. The wing rod does not go all the way to the ends of these tubes (which is on purpose for load distribution) so we made a plywood tab that inserts into the end of the tube to keep the rod from going all the way into one side and then being short in the other side.

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                      • #43
                        Next step is to install the 8-32 blind nut for the wing bolt attachment. We shaped a piece of 1/4" plywood for this task.

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                        The top trailing edge sheeting is prepared by taping the parts together, bending the parts along the tape "hinge" line and applying slow set CA. The parts are then laid flat and the excess glue is wiped away leaving a nice joint. The tips of the ribs were lightly sanded to length and height, then the top sheeting was glued into place. Push pins and weight bar were used to keep the sheeting tight down against the ribs and bottom trailing edge sheeting.

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                        • #44
                          The top spar was dropped into place and then we moved to the leading edge. The leading edge is in two thicknesses, the first gets added here and sanded to the contour of the ribs. The wing sheeting then glues to this piece. Then the sheeting is sanded flush with this piece and the second thickness is added as a cap and sanded to the contour of the airfoil.

                          We learned to use a hot iron technique for the wing sheeting that really works slick, but on the first wing, the leading edge was not supported adequately on the inboard section so we could not use the hot iron to push down on the sheeting at the leading edge. Instead, we had to flip the wing over and glue the sheeting from the underside.

                          This time, we made a modification to the leading edge cap so we can use the hot iron Technique on both the inner and outer sheeting sections. The leading edge balsa pieces were tall enough to work on the outboard section so we used what came in the kit. For the inboard section, we custom cut some 1/8" balsa that would sit on the work surface and be tall enough to extend up to the top of the ribs.

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                          The spoiler mounting plate was installed noting the proper orientation in the rib slots.


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                          Then the sheeting mask was added over the spoiler bay. Note that the very thin edge of this mask needs to be flush with the edge of the spar.


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                          • #45
                            Next, we added the top trailing edge sheeting along the aileron hinge line. The hot iron technique was employed here as well...really like this process!

                            First, the trailing edge balsa strip was sanded to the rib contour.

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                            Then glue was smeared onto both sides of the pieces to be joined and allowed to dry (white glue turns clear as it dries).

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                            We added this piece of wood to support the inboard edge of the plywood skin.


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